(Credit image – NASA)
One fine morning I woke up to find myself on the Red Planet of Mars, the fourth planet from the Sun and only bigger than Mercury. I found the year to be 2121, and the story goes on.
“I need to go out for a morning walk,” I said half asleep.
“Are you crazy?â€¦ this is not Earth that you can roam around so easily. We are on Mars, we can’t go out without wearing protective gear.” Cautioned my brother.
His words jolted me but in our specially built house on Mars, covered with special glasses from all sides, I got ready after having breakfast, to travel across the red planet with my brother.
Covering up in a special thermal suit, as the temperature of Mars usually remains -45Â°Celsius at the mid-latitudes, we came out of our home to sit in a special plane cum vehicle, which runs on the flat surface but flies over the mountains and deep valleys. We travel out of the home only once a month, to save the very expensive fuel required for the plane. There were plenty of row houses in the neighborhood.
So we moved past a valley with rocks around, which could have formed only in the presence of water, billions of years ago. Mars today is just a cold desert, with an extremely thin atmosphere, not enough to support life. But we know for sure that there is ice on the poles and other frosty locations.
My brother steered the plane towards a dormant volcano. The surface gravity of Mars is only 37% of what you would find on Earth, which makes it possible for volcanoes to be taller without collapsing. That’s why Olympus Mons is the tallest volcano known on a planet in the Solar System. It’s 25 kilometers high and its diameter is approximately the same as the state of Arizona, according to NASA.
Our next location was a canyon. Mars has a wide canyon as deep as 7 kilometers at some parts, known as Valles Marineris. According to NASA, the valley is as wide as the United States and is about 20% of the Red Planet’s diameter. Flying past the canyon at a supersonic speed in our aircraft, we finally landed on a flat surface.
(Credit image – NASA)
Through a telescope, we closely spotted two asteroid-like moons called Phobos and Deimos because they have compositions similar to that of asteroids found elsewhere in the Solar System, according to NASA. Most scientists believe that the gravity of Mars snatched the moons long ago and forced them into orbit.
Mars is still inhospitable, as it has practically no atmosphere. The air pressure is only 1% of what is (on average) found on Earth’s surface. Specifically, Mars has about 95% carbon dioxide, 3% nitrogen, 1.6% argon, and a few elements in its atmosphere.
Apart from that, Mars has an environment similar to that of the moon, cratered and practically unchanging. Some other features are of the dust around the dormant volcanoes. Methane can also be found in its atmosphere in some parts, but the fluctuations keep happening.
With this, our trip around Mars came to an end. The next morning when I woke up from my bed, I was surprised to find myself very much on Earth. My brother told me to get ready for an early morning jog. Well, I was still overwhelmed to have seen such a beautiful and fascinating dream.
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